In the dream the Hermit was speaking. “I am the eye of fiveness,” he said.

I listened… dreams are not always this lucid.

“In the beginning was the division, not the multiplication; and the division contained what divided it, but in another form…”

I was listening, intently. The figure of the Hermit promised great insight…

“*No-thing* can be a principle. It does not have to be *nothing*…” He paused, smiling. “But it does have to be a ghost…”

I wondered if you could blink in a dream… apparently not. He placed a dot in the centre of the sky. Then extended his arms into the shape of a draughtsman’s compass and drew, black on azure, a circle.

I smiled, understanding something, at last. “Ah, yes,” I said. “The dot is no-thing, but has existence – if only as a position. The dot is zero.” I paused, aware that my thinking was waking me up… I had to get to a point of…. memory or I would lose it all…

“The circle is everything and everywhere,” I said. “The circle – One – is the arena of *existence*!”

The way the Hermit faded indicated he was pleased. And then, like the Cheshire cat that left only a smile, he was gone…

That dream was many years ago. I was studying the pentagram and the way it was used in a magical school of the soul. I knew that the geometry – and hence the numeric basis – was closely linked to the organic life we all share.

But I wanted something deeper… and had *asked* for it.

I consider that my attitudes are roughly half ‘science’ and half mystical. That way, I avoid the worst excesses of both, such as mysticism’s inclination to be fluffy, and to espouse the most complex ‘magical’ theories, even if they are twice as forced as the simplest scientific truths.

Equally, science’s dogmatic adoption of the ‘*we are the only truth*‘ attitude is to be avoided. Consciousness is not rooted in numbers, but the human mechanism – the body and how it works – is.

So, if you’d like to join in, let’s go in search of what’s at the heart of the pentagram: ‘fiveness’. Stand up and take yourself into a different mental and emotional ‘space’. Tell yourself that you’re not doing something trivial, but something that’s a living key to how you are, or were, before the layers of civilisation, work and family walled us all in numbness.

Stretch out your arms and legs so you look like Leonardo Da Vinci’s famous picture of the ‘Vitruvian Man’. Each hand’s *five* fingers and each foot’s *five* toes make up four of the five points of your human pentagram. Your head – the controller, communications receiver and *maker* of your organic ‘me’ – forms the other. We may reasonably ask what is the fiveness of the head? The question may already have triggered an answer in your mind….

If you’ve never encountered the Fibonacci series, stay with me and I’ll do my best to explain it – very simply. It’s worth the few minutes it will take to understand it.

We begin with zero, then one, because the whole of metaphysics is based on their relationship. Zero is the *potential *for all numbers to exist. One is symbolically the ‘monad’ – the complete *everything* from which we come and to which we will return; but One is also the first number, so is doubly useful in this example. We could say that, in Nature, everything is a fraction, yet Nature knows no fractions… Mankind sees only fractions, yet contains the seed of that which caused that division in the first place.

From zero and one, the next term in the series of Fibonacci numbers is generated by adding the two previous numbers. So, (from 0+1) we get another 1. At this point the series starts to take shape, growing quickly as each new number emerges from the sum of the previous two.

The row of green numbers is exactly the same line of numbers as the red ones above. But they have all been *shifted* one place to the right. What we’re going to do now is to create a fraction (don’t panic – I’ll do the calculations!) from each of the sets of two numbers; one above the other. So the first one would be 1/0 which is an invalid number, since we cannot divide by zero in ordinary mathematics. The next one is 1/1, which is just 1. The next one is 2/1, which is 2. We can see from this that we are *swaying* from one ‘extreme’ to the other; between the numbers 1 and 2.

Let’s continue to work these numbers to see what it is that we are *swaying around*… This is a bit like finding you’re a spaceship being pulled into the orbit of an unknown planet… but this planet holds one of the fundamental keys to the Universe…

It takes only ten ‘terms’ of the fractions from the Fibonacci series to produce the hidden planet to which our spaceship is being drawn. If you have a calculator you can check the fractions which lead to it; 5 divided by 3, 8 divided by 5, etc. Each of these divisions gets closer to a number that emerges in the greyed out boxes of term ten, above. From there onwards, the number 1.618 is present in all the results, which continue to ‘sway’ around finer and finer divisions of this mysterious destination.

In fact, we can never get at the final answer, since it is what maths calls an ‘irrational’ number – one that isn’t really a number at all, but is only defined by (in this case) an infinite (never-ending) convergence towards smaller and smaller units.

In practical terms this doesn’t matter. The three decimal places of 1.618 will do us fine. To go beyond this would involve us worrying about one ten-thousandth of a unit, which would be needed in only the most specialised engineering application, such as space travel!

But enough of the maths! We’ve landed on planet ** Phi**… This mysterious number is so important that, like its cousin Pi, it has its own name. Phi is also known as the Golden Mean, the Golden Ratio… and a host of other historic names. It has been with us for a long time.. and very few people know its full significance.

In the next post we’ll examine what it Phi really means; and why it makes the Pentagram and Pentagon such important geometric figures in any world where *harmony* is important… which is just about everywhere. We’ll also consider why Phi is truly *the ghost in the machine*…

©Copyright Stephen Tanham

Stephen Tanham is a Director of the Silent Eye School of Consciousness, a not-for-profit teaching school of modern mysticism that helps people find a personal path to a deeper place within their internal and external lives.

The Silent Eye provides home-based, practical courses which are low-cost and personally supervised. The course materials and corresponding supervision are provided month by month without further commitment.

Steve’s personal blog, Sun in Gemini, is at stevetanham.wordpress.com.

Thank you, Sue x

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This is interesting and comes at exactly the right time as it always seems to do just when I need to better get an understanding of something that I am working on (I think this is one of the things) that I have needed to better understand. So it comes at the right time. Math has not been one of my strongest subjects, likely because it involves abstract thinking, and that is not one of my learning strengths. So it is very appreciated and I think it will help me as I work on the next steps of my Initiation exercise. Thank you kindly.

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Thank you, Anne. The ‘fiveness’ is very important in understanding the human’s place in the cosmic scheme. The deeper meanings of Part 1 are there for all to read. It’s better to work through the numbers yourself on a piece of paper. They really are very simple. In that way you will have the basis of relating to the pentagram and pentagon when you see them. When they are used in any kind of ritual, they reconnect us with the gifts of that fiveness Part two on Thursday, concluded next week.

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Thank you so much, Steve. There is so much to learn related to math now. There are a lot of numbers and math concepts, and I am trying to learn them all in a way that makes sense to me. I will keep this on my desktop and reread it. I did understand part of it – the Fibonacci math doesn’t seem too difficult. I think trying to connect it all is the most challenging, but I really want to understand this. Mostly I am not sure what it is leading to. I remember about the Pentagram and the Circle, and I have seen this sketch of the man in the Pentagram before. Hopefully I will connect it all in my mind when I have read the last lesson. I am also trying to understand the Star of David since it is comprised of two triangles, one going up and one going down. It seems to have a very interesting symbolism as well, and I wonder if the Pentagram and the Star of David are somehow related. I thought about this because Stuart was using two characters that are in the Jewish writing. I read up on this as it caught my interest. I guess overall I would say that I am trying very hard to connect everything. In my thinking, it seems as though everything is somehow related. Anyway, I am very glad to get these lessons. While I struggle with them, at the same time, I am hungry to learn all of these things and ultimately see it all as a whole. Thank you most kindly.

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Our society sees numbers as mere quantity, Anne. A deeper approach sees them – where appropriate- as a transmitter of esoteric qualities, too. The pentagram and hexagram are related; there is a ‘journey’ through all the numbers, beginning with One. The ancient philosophers understood – and lived – this.

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Thank you, Sue x

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Thank you, Sue x

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